Madhya Pradesh government, to bring the tribal population of the state into the mainstream, has prepared a roadmap for their integrated development, including conservation of their culture, rituals and traditions, for the next five years.
As per the plan, the government will spend more than Rs 2 lakh crore in health and nutrition, irrigation, farmer-welfare and agriculture development, road, housing, power, drinking water, education, training, forest and forest produce and other sectors that would directly benefit the tribal population.
Health: To provide better health services, 2,261 health centres will be established in tribal areas. Mobile hospitals will also be run as per need. Rs 9,100 crore will be spent on this account. At present only 3,388 health centres (sub/primary/community) are available in the tribal areas of the state.
Malnutrition: To free the Special Backward Tribal Category families from malnutrition, every month, the government has been depositing an amount of Rs 1,000 each in the account of the female family head. Besides, one kg daal per month per member will be given at Rs 10 per kg to the families marked under malnourished areas. Rs 7,900 crore will be spent for women and child development. Percentage of the BPL scheduled tribal families in the state is 53.65.
Irrigation: Irrigated land in tribal areas is less than the average of the state. To provide irrigation facilities to the tribal farmers, infrastructure will be developed in 2-lakh hectare land with an estimated cost of Rs 12,000 crore.
Farmer-welfare and Agriculture development: The tribal farmers will be given assistance for cultivation, animal husbandry, poultry etc.
Road, Housing and Power facility: All tribal settlements will be connected to all-weather roads with a cost of Rs 11,000 crore. As per 2011 Census, there are total 47.5 lakh homeless families in the state. Of them, the number of homeless tribal families is 16.65 lakh. Pucca houses will be given to all the homeless families by 2022. Besides, power connections will be given to all the tribal houses.
Tribal statistics of MP
Total population of the state 7.26 crore
Scheduled Tribes 1.53 crore
Total BPL families 31.65%
BPL ST families 53.65%
Scheduled Tribe families 35,43,865
Drinking water facility: Rs 4,900 crore will be spent on drinking water facility in tribal areas. Water will be supplied to all the tribal families with a population of up to 500 through the Mukhya Mantri Nal-Jal Yojana. This will benefit about 87 lakh tribal population living in 49,000 settlements.
Education: Rs 60,000 crore will be spent to provide free education to tribal children from Class I to PhD. Free books and stationery will be given to them from Class I to XII. Coaching will be given to 1,600 students annually for admission in national level institutions of Engineering, Medical and Law through best coaching institutions at four divisional headquarters under the Super 400 Yojana.
Two hundred Higher Secondary Schools will be started after upgradation of high schools. About 100 senior hostels and 50 college hostels will be started in the next five years. 80 girls’ education premises including hostel buildings, 7 sports premises with top facilities and 13 Eklavya Model residential schools will be constructed. Besides, 65 new Eklavya Model Residential Schools will be opened. At present Gurukulam Residential Schools are being operated in 4 divisional headquarters of Bhopal¸ Indore, Jabalpur and Shahdol. Gurukulam Residential Schools will be run in other divisional headquarters also.
Training, Swarozgar and Rozgar: About 10 lakh tribal youths will be imparted training, self-employment/employment will be given to them in the next five years. Clusters of cottage and small industries will be developed and well-equipped computer training centres set up in tribal areas. Vacant posts of tribal category in government departments will be filled.
Claims cancelled in forest rights under Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006 and Rule 2008 will be re-examined and eligible persons will be given forest rights pattas. They are being given benefits of fertilizer, seeds and Bhavantar Yojana will be continued. To give irrigation facilities, electricity line will be extended to their fields in a year.
Forest and forest produce: More than Rs 1,500-crore remuneration and bonus will be given to about 18-lakh tribal tendu patta collectors. Group insurance scheme benefits will be given to them. Discount of Rs 100 crore will be given under Nistar. Adequate fixed amount will be distributed under Malik Makbuja to eligible persons. Rs 100 crore will be spent on wildlife management.
Computerisation of departmental procedures: For transparency in the implementation of schemes, all procedures will be computerised and made online. Mobile app will be developed to inform people about the schemes of the Department of Tribal Affairs and to give benefits to the beneficiaries.
Conservation of tribal culture, arts and languages: Cultural centres will be established in different tribal areas for the promotion of culture, arts and dialects-languages and to preserve the heritage of the state’s tribes. The Tribal Museum in Bhopal will be made a representative museum of the tribes across the country.
Special efforts will be made to preserve and promote festivals, fairs and sites of Gods-Goddesses along with traditional dialects of various tribes. Publication of dictionary of Bhili, Bhilali, Bareli, Gondi, Korku, Baigani etc will be continued.
Memorial of tribal freedom fighters like Shankar Shah, Raghunath Shah will also be set up in different regions of the state. Memorials of tribal brave-hearts like Rani Durgawati, Rani Kamlapati will also be established. “Adi Vidrohi” — the festival marking the tribal contribution in the freedom struggle — will be taken to the interiors of the state.
Preservation, exhibition and documentation of traditional medicinal knowledge of the tribal categories will be expanded and decentralised. In the health sector, plans for widespread use of traditional tribal knowledge base for social welfare will be executed.
A Janjatiya Kalakar Kalyan Mandal will be constituted for the promotion and preservation of tribal artistes. Tribal Kalamandalis will be provided instruments and other equipments. A portal will be developed to make international market available for tribal arts, and tribal artists will be imparted training for this. (Inputs from mpinfo.org)