Muscle exercise can help reduce lower back pain
Sydney: Exercises that improve coordination of muscles
that support and control the spine offer a strategy to reduce pain and
disability caused by lower back pain, finds a new study.
Lower-back pain is one of the most common health
conditions worldwide. It can have substantial health and economic costs as
people experience disability and general ill health, leading them to need time
"Targeting the strength and coordination of
muscles that support the spine through motor control exercise offers an
alternative approach to treating lower back pain,” said lead author Bruno
Saragiotto from The University of Sydney, Australia.
Motor control exercise is a popular form of exercise
that aims to improve coordination of the muscles that control and support the
Patients are initially guided by a therapist to
practise normal use of the muscles with simple tasks. As the patient's skill
increases the exercises become more complex and include the functional tasks
that the person needs to perform during work and leisure activities.
The study gathered together data from 29 randomised
trials involving a total of 2,431 men and women, aged between 22 and 55 years
The trials investigated the impact of using motor
control exercises as a treatment for lower back pain compared with other forms
of exercise or doing nothing.
The researchers found that people who used motor
control exercises experienced improvements, especially in pain and disability
compared with minimal intervention.
"We can be confident that they are as effective
as other types of exercise, so the choice of exercise should take into account
factors such as patient or therapist preferences, cost and availability,”
The study was published in the journal Cochrane