2011 census: Hindu population in India declines by 0.7 per cent
New Delhi: The Muslim
community has registered a moderate 0.8 per cent growth to touch 17.22 crore in
the 10 year period between 2001 and 2011, up from 13.8 crore, while Hindus
population showed a decline by 0.7 per cent at 96.63 crore during the period,
according to the latest census data on religion.
While the census figure
on religion was released on Tuesday, more than four years after compilation of
the data, the caste data is yet to be made public.
RJD, JD(U), SP, DMK and
some other parties have been asking the government to release the caste census
figure. The data on socio economic status of the population was released on
As per the religious
census data of 2011, released by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner
today, the total population in the country in 2011 was 121.09 crore.
Hindu population is
96.63 crore (79.8 per cent); Muslim 17.22 crore (14.2 per cent); Christian 2.78
crore (2.3 per cent); Sikh 2.08 crore (1.7 per cent); Buddhist 0.84 crore (0.7
per cent); Jain 0.45 crore (0.4 per cent), Other religions and persuasions
(ORP) 0.79 crore (0.7 per cent) and religion not stated 0.29 crore (0.2 per
The proportion of
Muslim population to total population has increased by 0.8 percentage point
(PP) in 2011, the census data said.
The proportion of Hindu
population to total population in 2011 has declined by 0.7 PP; the proportion
of Sikh population has declined by 0.2 PP and the Buddhist population has
declined by 0.1 PP during the decade 2001-2011.
There has been no
significant change in the proportion of Christians and Jains. As per 2001
census, India's total population was 102 crore of which Hindu population
comprised of 82.75 crore (80.45 per cent) and Muslims were 13.8 crore (13.4 per
The growth rate of
population in the decade 2001-2011 was 17.7 per cent. The growth rate of
population of the different religious communities in the same period was as
Hindus: 16.8 per cent; Muslim: 24.6 per cent; Christian: 15.5 per cent; Sikh:
8.4 per cent; Buddhist: 6.1 per cent and Jain: 5.4 per cent.
The distribution is
total population by six major religious communities namely, Hindu, Muslim,
Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain besides 'Other Religions and Persuasions' and
'Religion not stated'. (With inputs from agencies)