ISIS militants take hundreds of Assyrian Christians captive, destroy ancient art
ISTANBUL: ISIS militants this week have taken hundreds of
Assyrian Christians captive and destroyed irreplaceable works of ancient art. The
latest to face the militants’ onslaught are the Assyrian Christians of
northeastern Syria, one of the world’s oldest Christian communities, some
speaking a modern version of Aramaic, the language of Jesus.
The militants have prosecuted a relentless campaign in Iraq
and Syria against what have historically been religiously and ethnically
diverse areas with traces of civilizations dating to ancient Mesopotamia.
Assyrian leaders have counted 287 people taken captive,
including 30 children and several dozen women, along with civilian men and
fighters from Christian militias, said Dawoud Dawoud, an Assyrian political
activist who had just toured the area, in the vicinity of the Syrian city of
Qamishli. Thirty villages have been emptied, he said.
The Syriac Military Council, a local Assyrian militia, put
the number of those taken at 350. Reached in Qamishli, Adul Ahad Nissan, 48, an
accountant and music composer who fled his village before the brunt of the
fighting, said a close friend and his wife had been captured.
“I used to call them every other day. Now their mobile is
off,” he said. “I tried and tried. It’s so painful not to see your friends
Members of the Assyrian diaspora have called for
international intervention, and on Thursday, warplanes of the United States-led
coalition struck targets in the area, suggesting that the threat to a minority
enclave had galvanized a reaction, as a similar threat did in the Kurdish
Syrian city of Kobani last year.
The assault on the Assyrian communities comes amid battles
for a key crossroads in the area. But to residents, it also seems to be part of
the latest effort by the Islamic State militants to eradicate or subordinate
anyone and anything that does not comport with their vision of Islamic rule —
whether a minority sect that has survived centuries of conquerors and massacres
or, as the world was reminded on Thursday, the archaeological traces of
An Islamic State video showed the militants smashing statues
with sledgehammers inside the Mosul Museum, in northern Iraq, that showcases
recent archaeological finds from the ancient Assyrian empire. The relics
include items from the palace of King Sennacherib, who in the Byron poem “came
down like the wolf on the fold” to destroy his enemies.
“A tragedy and catastrophic loss for Iraqi history and
archaeology beyond comprehension,” Amr al-Azm, a Syrian anthropologist and
historian, called the destruction on his Facebook page. “These are some of the
most wonderful examples of Assyrian art, and they’re part of the great history
of Iraq, and of Mesopotamia,” he said in an interview. “The whole world has
Islamic State militants seized the museum — which had not yet
opened to the public — when they took over Mosul in June and have repeatedly
threatened to destroy its collection.
In the video, put out by the Islamic State’s media office for
Nineveh Province — named for an ancient Assyrian city — a man explains, “The
monuments that you can see behind me are but statues and idols of people from
previous centuries, which they used to worship instead of God.”
A message flashing on the screen read: “Those statues and
idols weren’t there at the time of the Prophet, nor his companions. They have
been excavated by Satanists.”
The men, some bearded and in traditional Islamic dress,
others clean-shaven in jeans and T-shirts, were filmed toppling and destroying
artifacts. One is using a power tool to deface a winged lion much like a pair
on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
The Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, has presented
itself as a modern-day equivalent of the conquering invaders of Sennacherib’s
day, or as Islamic zealots smashing relics out of religious conviction.
Yet in the past, the militants have veered between ideology
and pragmatism in their relationship to antiquity — destroying historic
mosques, tombs and artifacts that they consider forms of idolatry, but also
selling more portable objects to fill their coffers.
The latest eye-catching destruction could have a more
strategic aim, said Azm, who closely follows the Syrian conflict and opposes
both the Islamic State and the government.
“It’s all a provocation,” he said, aimed at accelerating a
planned effort, led by Iraqi forces and backed by United States warplanes, to
take back Mosul, Iraq’s second-largest city.
“They want a fight with the West because that’s how they gain
credibility and recruits,” Mr. Azm said. “They want boots on the ground. They
want another Falluja,” a reference to the 2004 battle in which United States
Marines, in the largest ground engagement since Vietnam, took that Iraqi city
from Qaeda-linked insurgents whose organization would eventually give birth to
the Islamic State.
The Islamic State has been all-inclusive in its violence
against the modern diversity of Iraq and Syria. It considers Shiite Muslims
apostates, and has destroyed Shiite shrines and massacred more than 1,000
Shiite Iraqi soldiers. It has demanded that Christians living in its
territories pay the jizya, a tax on religious minorities dating to early