Global carbon emission cut deal gets nod after marathon talks
LIMA: Negotiators on Sunday adopted a compromise draft
for national pledges to cut global carbon emissions at marathon UN climate
talks here that addressed all of India’s concerns and paved way for a new
ambitious and binding deal to be signed in Paris next year to combat climate
“The document is approved,” announced President of the
United Nations climate talks meeting Manuel Pulgar-Vidal, who is also the
Environment Minister of Peru, after hectic negotiations by officials from 194
countries for about two weeks in the Peruvian capital here.
“I think this is good, and I think this moves us
forward,” Pulgar-Vidal said. Commenting on the draft, Environment Minister
Prakash Javadekar said, “all of India’s concerns have been addressed. We have
achieved targets and we got what we wanted,” he said after the delegates
approved a broad blueprint for talks leading up to a deal in 2015, to take
effect in 2020.
He also remained positive about meetings over the next
year and in Paris, saying “we can build on this [Lima text] and build
consensus.” The adoption of the draft at the meeting which went into two extra
days was seen as a significant first step towards reaching a global climate
change deal in Paris although delegates feel much of the hard work remained
The deal -- dubbed the Lima Call for Climate Action --
paves the way for what is envisioned as the historic agreement in environmental
history. The agreement was adopted hours after a previous draft was rejected by
developing countries, which accused rich nations of shirking their
responsibilities to fight global warming and pay for its impacts.
The final draft is said to have alleviated those
concerns by saying countries have “common but differentiated responsibilities”.
There was a great sense of relief among delegates when the announcement came in
the early hours of Sunday morning, as the 12-day meeting had already overrun by
Indian delegation led by Javadekar worked overnight, engaging
with developed as well as developing nations to reach the deal taking into
account India's concerns. “We are happy that the final negotiated statement at
COP20 in Lima has addressed the concerns of developing countries and mainly the
efforts of some countries to re-write the convention has not fructified,”
“It (deal) gives enough space for the developing world
to grow and take appropriate nationally determined steps,” he said. The
developed world will have to take responsibility for action in technology and
capacity building and to that end they will have to provide resources, he said.
But environmental groups criticised the deal as a weak
and ineffectual compromise, saying it weakens international climate rules. The
talks proved difficult because of divisions between rich and poor countries
over how to spread the burden of pledges to cut carbon emissions.
The draft mentioned only that all pledges would be
reviewed a month ahead of December 2015 Paris summit to assess their combined
effect on climate change.
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Executive
Secretary Christiana Figueres told reporters that the approved text is a sign
of progression on closing the gaps between three key elements: science, policy
response and action.
Figueres also praised the new pledges to the Green
Climate Fund, set up to assist developing countries deal with the effects of
climate change, to approximately USD 10 billion.