Two Kerala-born Indian Catholics to be declared as saints in Vatican
THIRIVANANTHAPURAM: Two Kerala-born Indian Catholics
will be declared as Saints in Vatican on November 23. Fr Kuriakose Elias
Chavara and Sister Euphrasia, both now in the category of Blessed which is a
stage closer to sainthood, would be canonised into the league of saints by Pope
Francis in a function at St Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Clergy and laity from
Kerala would join in Vatican to witness the event.
Chavara, who lived in the 19th century in Kerala, is
reckoned as a social reformer and visionary priest. Chavara was declared as a
blessed in 1986 along with sister Alphonsa, who was made a saint in 2008.
Chavara is credited with introducing several reforms
in Kerala and Syrian Catholic Church as well. He was born in 1805 at Kainakari
in Alappuzha district. After religious studies, he was ordained as a priest in
1829. Since then, Chavara had continuous interventions in religious and
intellectual realms of life until death in 1871.
As a priest, he tried to popularise the Sunday sermon
in churches and retreat for laymen. One of the most significant attempts was
founding of the first Indian congregation for men, which was Carmelites of Mary
Immaculate (CMI), and the women congregation Carmelites of Mother Carmel (CMC).
In 1846, he started the first printing press at his
monastery at Mannanam in Kottayam. Later, the press was used for bringing out
the first Malayalam daily Nasrani Deepika at the behest of Chavara.
In 1861, Chavara was made the first vicar-general of
the Syrian Catholic community in Kerala. As the head of the Church, Chavara
prevented the laity from schism in the community and retained them under a
single fold. He also started the system of seminary for training priests,
instead of novices attending classes under various individual teachers.
His pioneering contribution to Kerala society was
“school along with church’ . In 1864, he had issued a decree to start
pallukoodam (school) along with every palli (church). This direction, later,
led to the establishment of schools beside a church, a practice continued even
Chavara started a special school for weaker sections
in society and opened the first boarding school for girls at Koonammavu near
Paravoor. Later, he also took steps for opening destitute home for orphans and
When Syrian Christians in Kerala were under bishops
from foreign missionaries , Chavara wrote to Rome for the need for making local
priests as head of the Syrian Church. This move later led to the formation of
separate dioceses for Syrian Catholics.
Chavara died in 1871 and was buried at St Philomina’s
Church at Koonammavu in Ernakulam district. Later, his moral remains were taken
to the monastery he had established at Mannanam in Kottayam. His canonization
process was started in 1957 and was elevated as Venerable in 1984 as the
faithful started reported about miracles received at the intercession of the
late priest. In 1986, he was declared as blessed by Pope John Paul II during
his Indian visit.
The final sainthood is conferred after acknowledging a
miracle happened at the intercession of the blessed. In the case of Chavara,
the Church recognized the curing of a congenital deformity of a little girl
named Maria Rose, a native of Pala, in 2005.
While Chavara had an eventful life through his
interventions in Church and Kerala society, Euprasia had her life confined
within the convent. She led a life dedicated to prayer and sufferings.
Euprasia had been a member the Congregation of the
Mother Carmel, a first women congregation established by Chavara in 1866.
Known as Rosa before becoming a nun, Euphrasia was
born in 1877 at Katoor in Thrissur district in a rich family. Leading a pious
life from early childhood, Rosa offered virginity to God at the age of nine.
She joined in the religious order of Congregation of Mother Carmel and became a
nun in 1898 and took the name Euphrasia.
She had a led a very secluded life, spending most of
her time in the convent chapel at Ollur in Thrissur, where she had spent a
major part of her religious life. In her life time, Euphrasia was called a
praying mother and she was known as a living saint among nuns. The frequent
letters she wrote to her spiritual father Bishop John Menachery shed light on
her saintly life. “There was not a single day in by life not to be afflicted
for God,’’ was one of her prayers, according to her writings.
At the age of 75, she died in 1952 and was buried at
Ollur. Years later, the tomb of the nun, who prayed to God for a silent and
secluded life, turned to a pilgrim center for the faithful. Several miracles
were reported from the faithful through the heavenly intercession of Euphrasia.
As the Church began the procedure for her
canonization, Euphrasia was declared a venerable in 2002. In 2006, she was
elevated as Blessed. In the same year, seven-year-old boy’s cist was cured,
which was considered by the Church as a miracle happened due to the blessed
nun’s intercession. In April this year, Vatican acknowledged the miracle,
leading to her canonization as a saint.