1,300 Israeli riot police deployed at contested Jerusalem shrine
JERUSALEM: Israel’s prime minister blamed “militant
Islamic incitement” for growing tensions in Jerusalem, especially at a
contested holy site that was ringed Friday by hundreds of Israeli riot police
as about 15,000 Muslims performed weekly prayers there.
The prayers ended peacefully, though clashes erupted
again later in the day between Palestinian stone-throwers and Israeli troops in
an Arab neighbourhood of Jerusalem, at the main Israeli checkpoint on the
outskirts of the city and at several locations in the West Bank.
Tensions have been rising in recent weeks over the
Jerusalem shrine, known to Muslims as Haram as-Sharif, or Noble Sanctuary, and
to Jews as the Temple Mount.
They spiked on Wednesday during a confrontation
between police and Palestinians at the Al-Aqsa Mosque, which is contained
within the site.
The complex, the third holiest site in Islam, houses
both Al-Aqsa and the gold-topped Dome of the Rock. Jews also revere it as the
location of their biblical temples and consider it the most sacred location in
Since Israel captured the sacred plateau, along with
the rest of east Jerusalem, from Jordan in 1967, Jewish worshippers have been
allowed to visit — but not pray — at the site. The area is run by Muslim
authorities under Jordanian custody.
In recent months, several senior members of Israeli
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's coalition, including Housing Minister Uri
Ariel and Deputy Parliament Speaker Moshe Feiglin, have called for a greater
Jewish presence and the right to prayer on the mount.
At the same time, the number of Jewish visitors to the
site has increased over the years, raising fears among Muslims that this is
part of a gradual Jewish takeover.
On Friday, 1,300 Israeli riot police fanned out around
the mosque compound in Jerusalem’s Old City, sealing off access roads to
enforce a government decision to bar Muslim men under the age of 35 from
praying there. The age limit varies from Friday to Friday.
Riot police manned metal barricades, checking identity
papers and directing pedestrians.
At one checkpoint in the Wadi Joz area, just outside
the Old City, some 500 young Palestinians who were denied entry to the mosque
compound because of their age performed prayers on a street, kneeling on
carpets spread on the asphalt. They were faced by a row of riot police in black
uniforms and helmets, as well as several officers on horseback.
“We are steadfast here,” said one of the worshippers,
who only identified himself by his first name, Raed, for fear of Israeli
repercussions. “We pray here despite the Israeli restraints.”
In the Old City, 62-year-old Walid Mohammed blamed
Israel for ratcheting up tensions in the area, as dozens of police officers
patrolled nervously in front of his coffee shop.