Chhattisgarh tribals in Andhra Pradesh, Odisha to get rehabilitated in Bastar
RAIPUR: A decade after the launch of controversial
anti-Naxalite movement Salwa Judum in Bastar, Chhattisgarh government is now
making efforts to bring back and rehabilitate thousands of tribal people, who
had fled to neighbouring undivided Andhra Pradesh, in their respective villages
— a step aimed to build confidence among people that the Maoist-affected tribal
region is fast returning to normalcy.
Forced to get dislocated from Bastar’s ground zero
fight between state security forces and Maoists during and after Salwa Judum
movement since 2005, estimated more than 50,000 tribals went to settle at
Khammam, Karimnagar, Warangal in Andhra Pradesh and parts of Odisha. Devoid of
voting rights and other facilities, tribals of Chhattisgarh have been caught in
Inspector general of police, Bastar, SRP Kalluri said,
“Tribals are attached to their land and always want to come back to their own
villages. About 500 families from Bhejji region in Sukma district contacted us
to come back.” Kalluri said that taking into consideration their desire to
return, Chhattisgarh government and state police has planned to resettle them
“Under various schemes like Atal Awas Yojna and Nirmal
Bharat Abhiyan, the project will be carried forward initially with 500 families
as large scale resettlement carries security risk. Hence, we have asked those
families to get in touch with neighbouring villages for discussion, which will
strengthen the bonding between them. Once, the first resettlement goes
smoothly, more families would be called upon,” the IG explained.
Keeping it inconspicuous, Chhattisgarh government has
asked for 10 battalion of Central Reserve Police Force and would deploy at
least two company of CRPF at Bhejji. However, the process would begin only
Over 50,000 tribals have been identified from
interiors of Sukma, Konta and Bijapur regions that have dislocated to parts of
AP after advent of anti-Naxalite movement Salwa Judum as they were caught
between physical and mental harassment at the hands of both Maoists and
security personnel, IG said.
According to a report, with initiation of Salwa Judum
around 3.5 lakh tribals — Koyas, Dorlas, Halwas, Bhatris, Murias and Marias—
were affected, many of whom were sent to Salwa Judum camps. But they had to
face death and attack by Maoists on returning home to collect their belongings.
Migrating to AP and Odisha didn't bring peace either. Without identity
documents, they can't vote or have access to welfare schemes.
However, state government's project to resettle them
brings a major concern of their security and rehabilitation, food, livelihood
etc for which Kalluri said would be taken into consideration steadily.