Islamic State follows al Qaeda, makes inroads into India
NEW DELHI: Islamic State pamphlets and flags have
appeared in parts of Pakistan and India, alongside signs that the ultra-radical
group is inspiring militants even in the strongholds of the Taliban and al
A splinter group of Pakistan’s Taliban insurgents,
Jamat-ul Ahrar, has already declared its support for the well-funded and
ruthless Islamic State fighters, who have captured large swathes of territory
in Iraq and Syria in a drive to set up a self-declared caliphate.
“IS is an Islamic Jihadi organisation working for the
implementation of the Islamic system and creation of the Caliphate,” Jamat-ul
Ahrar’s leader and a prominent Taliban figure, Ehsanullah Ehsan, told Reuters
by telephone. “We respect them. If they ask us for help, we will look into it
Islamist militants of various hues already hold sway
across restive and impoverished areas of South Asia, but Islamic State, with
its rapid capture of territory, beheadings and mass executions, is starting to
draw a measure of support among younger fighters in the region.
Al Qaeda’s ageing leaders, mostly holed up in the
lawless region along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, are increasingly seen as
stale, tired and ineffectual on hardcore jihadi social media forums and Twitter
accounts that incubate potential militant recruits.
Security experts say Islamic State’s increasing lure
may have prompted al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahri to announce the
establishment of an Indian franchise to raise the flag of jihad across South
Asia, home to more than 400 million Muslims.
Seeking to boost its influence in the
Afghanistan-Pakistan region, a local cell with allegiance to Islamic State has
been distributing pamphlets in the Pakistani city of Peshawar and eastern
Afghanistan in the past few weeks, residents said.
The 12-page booklet called ‘Fatah’ (victory),
published in the Pashto and Dari languages of Afghanistan, was being mainly
distributed in Afghan refugee camps on the outskirts of Peshawar.
Signs of Islamic State’s influence are also being seen
in Kashmir. Security officials in Kashmir say they have been trying to find out
the level of support for the Arab group after IS flags and banners appeared in
Intelligence and police sources in New Delhi and
Kashmir said the flags were first seen on June 27 in a part of Srinagar, and
then in July when India’s only Muslim-majority region was marking Islam’s most
holy day, Eid al-Fitr.
Some IS graffiti also appeared on walls of buildings
in Srinagar. A police officer said youngsters carrying Islamic State flags at
anti-India rallies had been identified but no arrests had been made.
Another officer who questions people detained in
protests against Indian rule, many of them teenagers, said most were only
focused on winning independence from India.
“The majority of them have no religious bent of mind,”
he said. “Some of them, less than 1 per cent, of course are religious and
radicalised and end up joining militant ranks. They are influenced by al Qaeda,
Taliban, Islamic State.”
Islamic State is also trying to lure Muslims in
mainland India, who make up the world's third-biggest Islamic population but
who have largely stayed away from foreign battlefields despite repeated calls
from al Qaeda.