Government efforts bring malnutrition rate down in Chhattisgarh
RAIPUR: Persistent decrease in the malnutrition rate
among children and socio-economic empowerment of women are the clear indication
of bright future of Chhattisgarh. Days are not far away when Chhattisgarh will
be known as a healthy, well-organised and developed state.
Under the leadership of chief minister Dr Raman Singh,
many schemes and programmes have been launched in the state for betterment of
women and bringing improvement in the health and nutrition of children along
with development of their body, mind and skill. The state government has taken
several commendable steps in the direction of making women eligible and aware
of protection of their constitutional interests, rules regarding their
protection and for taking benefits of various schemes.
Recently, to promote re-marriage of widows, the chief
minister has taken a praiseworthy decision for marriage of widows under the
Mukhyamantri Kanya Vivah Yojana. In this scheme, provision has been made to
spend Rs 30,000 in the re-marriage of widows.
Health of the society is decided on the health
condition of women and children. This was the reason that the Woman and Child
Development Department of the state government has been running Aanganbadi
Centres in the remote regions of the state to provide better health and
nutrition facilities to women and children.
The state government, through 285 Phulwari Centres,
has been providing services equal to Aanganbadi Centres to the children in 14
IAP districts of tribal dominated hilly and forest surrounded areas of the
state, where, as per the population criteria of government of India, opening of
Aanganbadi Centres was not possible.
At present, 49,830 Aanganbadi Centres are functional
in the state from which 25.49 beneficiaries are benefited. By strengthening and
re-organising Integrated Child Development Services, increase has been made in
the prescribed amount for the per day supply of supplementary nutritious food
to beneficiaries in Aanganbadi Centres. Amount for seriously malnourished
children has been hiked from Rs 6 to 9 per day, whereas, the amount for
pregnant and child-bearing women has been increased from Rs 5 to 7 and for
ordinary children from Rs 4 to 6.
Besides, commendable step has been taken to develop
Aanganbadi Centre as effective centre of village for health and nutrition,
under which, increase in time of the centre from 4 to 6 hours, quality
improvement in pre-school education, organisation of early childhood care and
education day (ECCE) and providing quality services through Aanganbadies are
The state government has launched various schemes
including malnutrition eradication campaign, integrated child protection
scheme, Mukhyamantri Baal Sandarf Yojana and Nava Jatan Yojana to make children
of the state healthy and well-nourished and for strengthening the present child
According to the figures of weighing festival
organised in 2014, now malnutrition in the state is only 33 per cent, whereas,
as per the national family health survey conducted in 2005-06, malnutrition
rate of the state was 52 per cent. As such, malnutrition rate in the state has
decreased by 19 per cent in seven and half years.
Trusting on the women of the state, cent per cent works
of ready-to-eat food, fresh food and breakfast preparation and supply have been
given to women groups. 1,568 women self help groups are preparing and supplying
ready-to-eat food and 22,226 women self help groups are preparing and supplying
fresh food and breakfast in the state. The amount of medicine kit supplied by
the Aanganbadi centres has been hiked from Rs 600 to Rs 1,000. For the all
round development of adolescent girls of the state Sabal Yojana has been
launched in 10 districts and Kishori Shakti Yojana in the remaining districts.
In order to provide financial help to women for
setting up self employment, loan scheme through Chhattisgarh Mahila Kosh has
been launched in the state. So far, Rs 41.61 crore loans have been sanctioned
from this fund to over 25,000 women groups for running their business.
Besides, to provide economic assistance to women and
for their skill development, Swavalamban Yojana, skill development training
scheme and entrepreneurship awareness programmes are being organised. Under the
Mukhyamantri Kanya Vivah Yojana, marriage of 54,000 girls have been solemnised
in the state so far.
To make women aware and active towards their legal
rights and provisions and for prevention of social evils, Mahila Jagriti
Shivirs have been organised at village panchayat, Janpad and district level.
Integrated help programme ‘Parijat’ has been launched in the state for mentally