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Chhattisgarh News
Government efforts bring malnutrition rate down in Chhattisgarh
09-08-2014

RAIPUR: Persistent decrease in the malnutrition rate among children and socio-economic empowerment of women are the clear indication of bright future of Chhattisgarh. Days are not far away when Chhattisgarh will be known as a healthy, well-organised and developed state.

Under the leadership of chief minister Dr Raman Singh, many schemes and programmes have been launched in the state for betterment of women and bringing improvement in the health and nutrition of children along with development of their body, mind and skill. The state government has taken several commendable steps in the direction of making women eligible and aware of protection of their constitutional interests, rules regarding their protection and for taking benefits of various schemes.

Recently, to promote re-marriage of widows, the chief minister has taken a praiseworthy decision for marriage of widows under the Mukhyamantri Kanya Vivah Yojana. In this scheme, provision has been made to spend Rs 30,000 in the re-marriage of widows.

Health of the society is decided on the health condition of women and children. This was the reason that the Woman and Child Development Department of the state government has been running Aanganbadi Centres in the remote regions of the state to provide better health and nutrition facilities to women and children.

The state government, through 285 Phulwari Centres, has been providing services equal to Aanganbadi Centres to the children in 14 IAP districts of tribal dominated hilly and forest surrounded areas of the state, where, as per the population criteria of government of India, opening of Aanganbadi Centres was not possible.

At present, 49,830 Aanganbadi Centres are functional in the state from which 25.49 beneficiaries are benefited. By strengthening and re-organising Integrated Child Development Services, increase has been made in the prescribed amount for the per day supply of supplementary nutritious food to beneficiaries in Aanganbadi Centres. Amount for seriously malnourished children has been hiked from Rs 6 to 9 per day, whereas, the amount for pregnant and child-bearing women has been increased from Rs 5 to 7 and for ordinary children from Rs 4 to 6.

Besides, commendable step has been taken to develop Aanganbadi Centre as effective centre of village for health and nutrition, under which, increase in time of the centre from 4 to 6 hours, quality improvement in pre-school education, organisation of early childhood care and education day (ECCE) and providing quality services through Aanganbadies are included.

The state government has launched various schemes including malnutrition eradication campaign, integrated child protection scheme, Mukhyamantri Baal Sandarf Yojana and Nava Jatan Yojana to make children of the state healthy and well-nourished and for strengthening the present child protection system.

According to the figures of weighing festival organised in 2014, now malnutrition in the state is only 33 per cent, whereas, as per the national family health survey conducted in 2005-06, malnutrition rate of the state was 52 per cent. As such, malnutrition rate in the state has decreased by 19 per cent in seven and half years.

Trusting on the women of the state, cent per cent works of ready-to-eat food, fresh food and breakfast preparation and supply have been given to women groups. 1,568 women self help groups are preparing and supplying ready-to-eat food and 22,226 women self help groups are preparing and supplying fresh food and breakfast in the state. The amount of medicine kit supplied by the Aanganbadi centres has been hiked from Rs 600 to Rs 1,000. For the all round development of adolescent girls of the state Sabal Yojana has been launched in 10 districts and Kishori Shakti Yojana in the remaining districts.

In order to provide financial help to women for setting up self employment, loan scheme through Chhattisgarh Mahila Kosh has been launched in the state. So far, Rs 41.61 crore loans have been sanctioned from this fund to over 25,000 women groups for running their business.

Besides, to provide economic assistance to women and for their skill development, Swavalamban Yojana, skill development training scheme and entrepreneurship awareness programmes are being organised. Under the Mukhyamantri Kanya Vivah Yojana, marriage of 54,000 girls have been solemnised in the state so far.

To make women aware and active towards their legal rights and provisions and for prevention of social evils, Mahila Jagriti Shivirs have been organised at village panchayat, Janpad and district level. Integrated help programme ‘Parijat’ has been launched in the state for mentally sick women.