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General
Christians flee to Kurdistan as IS rebels seize key Iraqi towns
08-08-2014

BAGHDAD: Thousands of Christian families on Thursday fled their homes in northern Iraq after militants of Islamic State (IS) Sunni insurgent group seized several predominantly Christian areas in Nineveh governorate, security sources said.

The IS rebels took the cities of al-Hamdaniya and Telkif, north of Mosul, after defeating the Kurdish Peshmerga forces who controlled the area, the sources told Efe news agency. The Islamic extremists also captured Bertala, al-Kuir and Ba’shiqah, inhabited both by Muslims and Christians, near Erbil, the capital of the Iraq’s Kurdistan region.

Thousands of families abandoned their homes and fled to neighbouring Kurdistan in search for a safe haven, the sources said. The IS took control of Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, last June, and since then it has advanced to other regions including Sinjar, making it closer to the last border crossing with Syria which it does not control.

The IS has seized large parts of Iraq and Syria to create an Islamic caliphate and has warned Christians they should convert to Islam or leave. The rebel takeover of Sinjar three days ago led some 200,000 civilians to flee to the nearby mountains, mostly Kurds of the religious Yazidi community.

The refugees, who are trying to reach Kurdistan, urgently need water, food, shelter and medicines, the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) spokesman David Swanson told Efe.

According to OCHA, since January 2014, the surge in violence between government forces and armed groups has displaced 1.2 million people in central and northern Iraq.

According to an earlier Xoinhua report, the latest fall of towns into the hands of the militants came amid fierce clashes between the Kurdish Peshmerga security forces and Islamic State militants. The Kurdish Peshmerga forces have launched a major offensive to fight back the IS militants who seized earlier many towns in Nineveh.

The Peshmerga has since retaken control of some villages and part of Sinjar, but so far the Kurds have apparently failed to take full control of the town and the other areas seized earlier by the IS militants.