New Land Acquisition Act implemented in Chhattisgarh
RAIPUR: Chhattisgarh government has given instructions to the
revenue officers to ensure adherence to the new land acquisition rules of the
central government in the cases of private land acquisition for public purpose
(development project) in the state. Under the new rule, the state government
has been protecting the interests of private landowners.
Under the new Act, by making provision for minimising
displacement, it has been said, if displacement were necessary in unavoidable
circumstances, all the oustee families would be rehabilitated first and then
action for land acquisition and possession would be taken. Apart from
compensation, each affected family would give job in the project or onetime
payment of Rs 5 lakh or annual payment at Rs 2,000 per month for 20 years.
According to the officers of revenue department, the central
government, by cancelling the 120-year-old Land Acquisition Act of 1894, has
implemented the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land
Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, which is in force from
January 1, 2014.
Under the Act, social effect would also be studied in the cases
of acquisition of private land. After the study, if it were found that the
effect or loss on the affected families is more in comparison to the benefit
the project concerned would get, the land acquisition procedure would be
cancelled. Rehabilitation scheme will be prepared for the resettlement of the
affected families of land acquisition, which will be approved by the divisional
commissioner. After the approval of the proposal, a rehabilitation
administrator will be appointed for each project.
The state government has empowered the divisional commissioners
and the district collectors with all the powers regarding study of social
effect and evaluation of its report, preparation of rehabilitation scheme and
its approval, issuance of preliminary notification of land acquisition,
declaration of land acquisition, and passing the award.
Now, the proposal for private land acquisition upto 1,000
hectare for public purpose could be presented to the collector directly. If any
private entrepreneur wanted to purchase two hectare land in urban area or four
hectare in rural area directly from the farmers, he should also adhere to the rehabilitation
scheme and take pre-permission from the district collector.
The officers said, under
the new Act, the assessment procedure of award of the land would be based on
the prevailing market value. In rural areas, the market value would be increased
by one to two per cent and after that cent per cent solatium would be counted.
In urban areas, two times of the market value of the land and in rural areas,
upto two to four times amount would be assessed for the award. In the land
acquisition, while assessing the affected person, such persons would also be
considered affected, even though they are landless, but residing in the
affected area since more than three years and earning their livelihood there.